Schemes of Ministry of Environment, Government of India
The major schemes of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change are as follows:
National Coastal Zone Management Programme
Ministry is implementing a reengineered Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 2011 to ensure livelihood security to fishing and other local community to conserve and protect coastal stretches and to promote development based on scientific principles. Another Notification on island Protection Zone is also being implemented for similar purposes for the island of Andaman & Nicobar and the Lakshadweep. Ministry is also implementing a World Bank Assisted Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project.
National Action Plan on Climate Change
With growing recognition of the threat of the Climate Change and its significance as an area of domestic policy making and planning a scheme Climate Change Action Plan has been brought in the First year of the 12th FYP. Thereafter, a new scheme called National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change is launched in 2014-15 and also launched National Mission on Himalayan Studies aimed at focussing on conservation of Himalayan Ecosystem and sustainable development of the region, and is intended to take a leading role in shaping the future of the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR).
National Mission for a Green India
With objective to increase the forest cover and also protect the existing forest land, the Ministry has two plan schemes namely, Green India Mission: National Afforestation Programme and Intensification of Forest Management.
Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats
This is an umbrella programme for three main schemes to protect the wildlife of the country viz. Project Tiger, Project Elephant and Integrated development of wildlife Habitats. These schemes are implemented as Centrally Sponsored Schemes.
Conservation of Natural Resources and Eco-systems
This programme aims to conserve the natural resources and eco-system in areas like, corals, mangroves, Bio-spheres, wetland and lakes.
National River Conservation Programme
NRCP covers polluted stretches of 39 rivers in 190 towns in 20 States at a sanctioned cost of Rs. 7,639 crore. The main objective of NRCP is to improve water quality of polluted stretches of rivers to acceptable standards by preventing pollution load reaching the rivers by undertaking various pollution abatement works.
Last Updated: May 12, 2016