Indirect Taxes

Indirect Tax Reforms in India

November 23, 2015

First Indirect Tax Reform occurred in India when the Modified Value Added Tax (MODVAT) was introduced for selected commodities in 1986 to replace the Central Excise Duty. It was gradually extended to all commodities through Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT). The states also followed the suit and...

Comparison of Direct and Indirect Taxes

November 23, 2015

There are several parameters on which the direct and indirect taxes can be compared. Firstly, direct taxes are progressive and they help to reduce inequalities but indirect taxes are regressive and they widen the gap of inequalities. Thus, direct taxes result in more equitable distribution of income...

Merits and Demerits of Indirect Taxes

November 23, 2015

Indirect taxes are levied on the production or consumption of goods and services or on transaction, including imports and exports. In case of indirect taxes, it is said that the person who is hit does not bleed; someone else bleeds. Still, there are key merits of Indirect...