East India Company

November 23, 2015

History of Budget in India

Etymologically, the term budget is related to Latin bulga , which refers to a ‘leather bag. The term comes from a Gaulish source connected to the Irish bolg, which means a bag. It got associated with finance in mid 18th century following…

November 15, 2015

Acworth Committee on Indian Railways

In 1920, an East Indian Railway Committee was constituted under the chairmanship of Sir William Acworth. This committee consisted of 10 members and among them 3 were Indians viz. V S Sriniwas Sastri (Member of Council of States) , Purshottam…

November 15, 2015

MacKay Commission on Indian Railways

Sir James MacKay Commission was set up by Secretary of States for India, John Morley in 1907 to look into the problems of administration and finances of Railways. The commission found out that there was a friction in the Government…

November 15, 2015

Robertson commission & Establishment of Railway Board in India

In 1900, Railways showed a small profit for the first time. In 1901, Thomas Robertson was appointed the special commissioner to examine the organization and working of the Railway and thus began the drastic changes in the administration of the…

November 15, 2015

First Railway in India

The earliest proposals for railways in India were made in Great Britain in the 1840s. The proposals involved construction of Railways by companies incorporated in England and a minimum profit being guaranteed by the East India Company. With this, the…

October 26, 2015

Reforms of Warren Hastings

Warren Hastings was first Governor of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal), who remained in office during 1732 to 1818. He was the real  builder of the modern Indian administrative system. His reforms can be outlined as following. Administrative Reforms…

Jammu & Kashmir

Article 370 and the Constitution of Jammu & Kashmir

The roots of the special status given to the State of Jammu and Kashmir lie in the Treaty of Amritsar which was signed after the First Anglo-Sikh war. The East India Company annexed the Kashmir valley and sold the land…