Currency in India

India’s Cash-to-GDP Ratio

February 14, 2017

Cash-to-GDP Ratio or Currency in Circulation (CIC) to GDP Ratio or simply currency-to-GDP ratio shows the value of cash in circulation as a ratio of GDP. Implications of higher Cash-GDP Ratio There are two dimensions of cash viz. its function and its nature / origin. In terms of function, cash can be...


March 24, 2015

Anything that can be generally acceptable as payment for goods and services or settlement of debts is Money. It is the element of confidence that others will accept it as a payment is what gives the purchasing power to money. The major functions of money are: It...

How Currency is Issued in India?

April 28, 2011

In India, the paper currency was first issued during British East India Company rule. The first paper notes were issued by the private banks such as Bank of Hindustan and the presidency banks during late 18th century. Via the Paper Currency Act of 1861, the British Government...