Hunter Education Commission 1882-83

In 1882, Lord Ripon organized the Hunter Commission under William Wilson Hunter.

  • William Wilson Hunter was the statistician, a compiler and a member of the Indian Civil Service, who later also became Vice President of Royal Asiatic Society.
  • He was appointed as a Magistrate in the Bengal Presidency in 1862, and form there only he started compiling the local traditions and records.
  • He published “The Annals of Rural Bengal” and “A Comparative Dictionary of the Non-Aryan Languages of India” but his best known work is “The Imperial Gazetteer of India” on which he started working in 1869.
  • This work was delegated to him by Lord Mayo. The work appeared in 9 volumes in 1881.

    In 1882 as a member of the Governor General in Council he was appointed he chairman of the Commission on Education. In 1886, he was also elected as Vice Chancellor of the Calcutta University. The Hunter Commission brought out the neglect to the primary and secondary education in the country. The commission recommended that the responsibility for the Primary Education must be given to the Local Boards and Municipal Boards. The important recommendations were as follows:

  1. The government should take special care to extend the primary education.
  2. There should be literary and vocational training in secondary education.
  3. The commission brought out inadequate facilities available for the female education in the country.

    The recommendations were partially implemented and there was a slow growth in the number of the secondary schools in the country.

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