Census

October 29, 2016

Trends in Ageing Population in India

Most of developed countries define an “elderly” as a person who has crossed 65 years of his / her life. However, in Indian context, the National Policy on Older Persons, 1999 defines 'senior citizen' or 'elderly' as a person who…

December 14, 2015

Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011

The 1st ever post independence Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 began on 29 June 2011 from the Sankhola village of Hazemara block in West Tripura District.  Government released the results of SECC-2011 in July 2015. SECC-2011 was first caste…

December 14, 2015

Controversy over Religious Data in Census 2011

The data had stirred up a controversy (in media) with respect to the growth of the minority (Muslim) population. The data revealed that the share of Hindus in India’s population had fallen very slightly from 80% to 79.8%. At the…

December 14, 2015

Census of India 2011: Key Facts and Data

The Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases as follows House listing and Housing Census and Population Enumeration. The population of India, at 1210.2 million, is almost equal to the combined population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh…

December 14, 2015

Salient Provisions of Census Act 1948

Earliest reference to Census in India comes from Kautilya's Arthashashtra. In Mughal period, writings of Abul Fazal in Ain-e-Akbari also give reference to the census. First Census During British Era, first census was conducted non-synchronously in 1965, the efforts culminated…

December 13, 2015

What are the De-facto and De-jure enumeration in Census?

An important question pertaining to enumeration that always arises at a Population Census is whether the population should be counted on a de-facto basis i.e. at the place where a person is actually found on the reference date of the…

December 13, 2015

Salient Features of Census Act 1948

For the success of an operation of such magnitude and importance as the Population Census, it needs necessary backing of a legislation by parliament, so that the Census Organisation is armed with necessary authority to have access to households and…

December 13, 2015

When was first Census conducted in India?

The earliest references of Census in India can be traced back to the Mauryan period in Kautilaya’s ‘Arthashastra’ (321-296 BC) and later during the Mughal period in the writings of Abul Fazl (1595-96) in the ‘Ain-e-Akbari’.  Census, in its present…