Census

Trends in Ageing Population in India

October 29, 2016

Most of developed countries define an “elderly” as a person who has crossed 65 years of his / her life. However, in Indian context, the National Policy on Older Persons, 1999 defines ‘senior citizen’ or ‘elderly’ as a person who is of age 60 years and above....

Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011

December 14, 2015

The 1st ever post independence Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 began on 29 June 2011 from the Sankhola village of Hazemara block in West Tripura District.  Government released the results of SECC-2011 in July 2015. SECC-2011 was first caste based census of Independent India. Earlier, caste...

Controversy over Religious Data in Census 2011

December 14, 2015

The data had stirred up a controversy (in media) with respect to the growth of the minority (Muslim) population. The data revealed that the share of Hindus in India’s population had fallen very slightly from 80% to 79.8%. At the same time, the share of Muslims rose...

Census of India 2011: Key Facts and Data

December 14, 2015

The Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases as follows House listing and Housing Census and Population Enumeration. The population of India, at 1210.2 million, is almost equal to the combined population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together (1214.3 million). The...

Salient Provisions of Census Act 1948

December 14, 2015

Earliest reference to Census in India comes from Kautilya’s Arthashashtra. In Mughal period, writings of Abul Fazal in Ain-e-Akbari also give reference to the census. First Census During British Era, first census was conducted non-synchronously in 1965, the efforts culminated in 1872 and thus, the 1872 Census...

What is the meaning of Square and Triangle boxes in Census Enumeration lists?

December 13, 2015

A square means a pucca house. A triangle means a kuccha house as follows. This time, the census enumerators went from house to house to collect data about each household and were asked to obtain the signature or thumb impression (in the case of illiterate respondents) of...

What are the De-facto and De-jure enumeration in Census?

December 13, 2015

An important question pertaining to enumeration that always arises at a Population Census is whether the population should be counted on a de-facto basis i.e. at the place where a person is actually found on the reference date of the census or on a de-jure basis i.e.,...

What are the ‘Canvasser’ method and ‘householder’ method of enumeration?

December 13, 2015

‘Canvasser’ and the ‘Householder’ methods are the two recognised methods of census enumeration. Under the ‘Canvasser’ method the enumerator approaches every household and records the answer on the schedules himself after ascertaining the particulars from the head of the household or other knowledgeable persons in the  This...

Salient Features of Census Act 1948

December 13, 2015

For the success of an operation of such magnitude and importance as the Population Census, it needs necessary backing of a legislation by parliament, so that the Census Organisation is armed with necessary authority to have access to households and canvass the prescribed questionnaires and to expect...

When was first Census conducted in India?

December 13, 2015

The earliest references of Census in India can be traced back to the Mauryan period in Kautilaya’s ‘Arthashastra’ (321-296 BC) and later during the Mughal period in the writings of Abul Fazl (1595-96) in the ‘Ain-e-Akbari’.  Census, in its present scientific form was conducted non-synchronously between 1865...

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