Subhash Chandra Bose and Congress Tripuri Session 1939

The British Government was keen on Bose taking interest in the Axis Powers and the developing Gandhi Bose strife. In December 1938, Bose had a meeting with two representatives of the German Nazi Party. Here, Bose told the Nazis that the Hitler regime must stop insulting the Indians. In India, Nazis were not liked because of their deeds of extinguishing the democracy, eliminating the socialist ideas.

For the 1939 elections of the President of Congress, Subhash announced his candidature knowing that he would be opposed. By this time, Nehru was on a long holiday in Europe. When he returned in 1938, Gandhi suggested him to announce his name as a candidate. But he declined and suggested the name of Maulana Azad. But Maulana Azad withdrew his name and then new name came up was of Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya, an Andhra leader. But Subhash was not sure of his win. The result was declared on January 29, 1939 and Subhash secured 1580 Votes. Sitaramaya got 1377 votes, thus Subhash winning by a narrow but clear margin.

  • But the defeat of Sitaramayya was taken by Gandhi as a personal blow. He said ”

    … I am glad of his (Subhash’s) victory….and since I was instrumental in inducing Dr. Pattabhi not to withdraw his name after Maulana Azad Sahib done so, the defeat is more mine than his….”.

    Gandhi said that Bose was president in his own right. He should form his own working committee and run the congress. Gandhi said that

    “…after all Subhash Babu is not the enemy of our country…he has suffered for it”. In His opinion, his is the most forward and boldest policy and programme….the minority can only wish him all the best”..

    We see, that Gandhi in a characteristic way had declared a “personal” war against Bose. Actually, Gandhi meticulously started planning to destroy Subhash, who was now the most serious challenge to his ideology and superiority. Gandhi, whom we today cherish as Father of the Nation, planned his moves against Subhash with utmost care.

    The constitution of Congress did not provide for the removal of the President and the delegates vote was something which could not be reversed. The Congress Working committee was still controlled by the followers of Gandhi. Thus , Subhash might reign but could not rule.

    In March 1939, Congress met at annual session at Tripuri near Jabalpur.

    Prior to this session, Bose fell ill (which may be a psychological reaction to the stress) just before February 20-21, when a meeting of Congress Working Committee was held in Wardha. Subhash was unable to reach and so sent a telegram to Patel to postpone the meeting of working committee till the annual session. He had also sent a telegram to Gandhi to nominate the working committee as his wish, but strangely Gandhi DID NOT SUGGEST any name.

    But this telegram hurt the congressmen. They said that this demonstrates Subhash’s dictatorial ambition, who does not want the congress to do the normal business in his absence. The result was that Patel and other 11 members resigned from the Working Committee. Earlier, Bose had described the followers of Gandhi as of low intellectual level. The members of Congress wanted Subhash to apologize for the slur. He refused.

    In this session, when Subhash was brought to the dais on stretcher, one of the congressmen fanned “Why don’t you check whether he has any onions under his armpits” (Onions when kept under armpits raise the temperature of the body).

    Such was the disastrous division between Subhash and Gandhi & his followers. Next Month, Subhash resigned from Congress and now he was on an entirely different path. The place was filled by Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

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Comments

  • An Indian

    Shocking to know this history.I dont understand why gandhi whom i believed saintly was such an inferior person.Saddened.

    • Sammy

      If you want know more about the vices of Gandhi, read Jad Adam’s “Gandhi’s naked ambition”

  • Sammy

    If you want know more about the vices of Gandhi, read Jad Adam’s “Gandhi’s naked ambition”

  • S Rama

    biased information stop this

    • ABHIJIT

      Which information is untrue ? And where is the bias ?

    • malvika nair

      Sir, Gandhi, just like any other politician had his own vices. From being indecisive to being mildly selfish, he had his own vices. Even the greatest freedom fighters had their vices. But the right way to go about it would be accepting their flaws and admiring them for their efforts and not call the information “biased” and insult the very own people who’ve written this just to satisfy your own beliefs. He is “the father of this nation” and respected for his good deeds; but sir, he certainly was human, and hence was not flawless.

  • Rizwan

    Please don’t draw any rash conclusions. This is just one instance. Both leaders played an important and crucial role in the struggle though with different ideologies. Though at this instance i also believe it was against the democratic principle for Gandhi to go against Bose and use his influence. You can also refer to a movie “the forgotten hero-sc bose”

  • MALLIKARJUNA SHARMA

    I think Subhas should have run the show by himself recruiting members from the leftist sections of the Congress to the various committees. But he did not have that courage or inclination at that time and resigned. But he started another party soon after – was that needed?

  • somugtha

    only when the truth behind the ambition of gandhi comes out, we would know our true history of freedom struggle. as a citizen, it is our duty to find it out

  • avik

    Can anyone say who were the voters in tripuri election?why only 2957 vote were polled?why only 2957voters decides who will be
    the president?????

  • Saurav

    Doesn’t seem like a gktoday article….
    Both had different ideologies, so differences were sure to come out. What about Bose’s invitation to Japanese to invade India? Japanese were no less imperialist @#$&ers

  • RohanSharmaDelhi

    First of all I would like to state the facts and tell my opinion separately, because this article has right facts and utter crap opinion :

    1. Mahatma Gandhi was a highly secular person who had always taken a decision which had least adverse impact on Indians and was most nationalistic in nature… For Example calling off of Non Coop Movt, which was criticized by many was ultimately a right decision since those who continued increased violence and ultimately became victims of bigger violence by British. He was very foresighted and very intelligent man and yet since 1893 in South Africa till his death he only worked to see people happy and united Muslims, Sikhs, Hindus, Christians… He didn’t have any personal motive. He was even criticized by INC and also left it when there was no consensus for him in 1934 session… But Gandhi’s absence was felt as a hollowness… Gandhi is role model to most and big giants like Barrack Obama… He kicked out Britishers on non violent terms and may be one of the reasons of present day relations with british which could have been worse nearing towards those with Pakistan, I mean who knows ? (opinion) For me personally he was more than a god… Way more than a god… He was Of the People, By the people and For the people… He spent his time with the poorest of the poor and gave respect to life and wanted harmony… He transcends anything or anyone…

    2. Coming to Bose : You forgot to mention that during Tripuri Session, he called Congress as party of Compromise party of Rightist and questioned their nationalism because of which leaders resigned… Those people who elected you are anti national???… Why did you even join then Congress, why didn’t you make another party before… Having fun are we ? Anyway… He stated that if someone slaps you once you should slap him back twice… So you know what would be his ideology.

    3. Now above facts are not exhaustive but atleast they can outline both personality… I can conclude one thing that one is Mahatma and one is a Fascist in the making… Giving which title to whom I leave upto you…

    PS : The comment by Sammy, books are written without facts also, and can also be by people like Nathu Ram Godse or his abominable lineage… If you do not like the Mahatma, then probably durng partition Pakistan forgot to take you…

  • Bhanu Prakash

    its disgusting how people with half knowledge are writing these articles.Along with the action mood of a person should be understood to decide upon the intent of the action.Gandhi was never a person after position or power.Subash chandra bose might be brave and sacrificing but his meeting with the Nazis is a stupid move.It shows his short sightedness and willingness to leave behind,the principles ,if he wants to achieve anything.His plan of invading india with japaneese forces was also very condemnable .the japaneese forces treated INA forces so badly that they lost the zeal to fight against british due to japaneese treatment of them.Subash sacrificed his life and remained an inspiration and nothing more .Movement was led by Gandhi.