British India

December 5, 2015

Impact of British Policy on Indian Agriculture and Land

The British Era is also known as a period of commercial revolution in the agricultural sector. Commercialization of agriculture was coincident with Industrial revolution and became prominent around 1860 A.D. This brought about a change from cultivation for home consumption…

December 5, 2015

Mahalwari System

The Zamindari as well as the Ryotwari System could not fulfil the expectations of the policymakers. A third type of system called Mahalwari system was introduced in Agra, Awadh (Oudh), Central parts of India, Punjab, parts of Gangetic valley etc…

December 5, 2015

Changes in Land Revenue System in British Era

India's land revenue system was radically changed under British due to several factors such as agricuituralisation and de-industrialization; change in land ownership; methods of assessment; and collection of land revenue. In the 18th and 19th centuries free countries of Europe…

December 5, 2015

Izaredar System

After the battle of Plassey, the British secured the Diwani rights (rights to collect revenue). When Robert Clive obtained the Diwani of Bengal, there used to be annual settlements of the Land revenue. Izaredari system was introduced in 1773 by…

November 28, 2015

Uniform Civil Code in India

Uniform Civil Code refers to replacing the personal laws (based on religious scriptures and customs) with a common set of governing rules for all citizens of India. British Era In 1840s, the British Government had framed the uniform laws related…

November 28, 2015

Official Secrets Act Versus Right to Information Act

Recently, West Bengal Government has declassified certain documents related to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The government in that state is further planning to digitize the records of the freedom struggle from 1937 to 1947 in order to preserve history. This…

November 23, 2015

History of Budget in India

Etymologically, the term budget is related to Latin bulga , which refers to a ‘leather bag. The term comes from a Gaulish source connected to the Irish bolg, which means a bag. It got associated with finance in mid 18th century following…

November 15, 2015

Robertson commission & Establishment of Railway Board in India

In 1900, Railways showed a small profit for the first time. In 1901, Thomas Robertson was appointed the special commissioner to examine the organization and working of the Railway and thus began the drastic changes in the administration of the…

October 14, 2015

Industrial Policy of British India

The British Government showed a marked antipathy and neglect towards Indian industries. The British Government in India followed the policy of free trade. It resulted in the demise of India's world fame cottage and small scale industries as these could…