NCCD: ‘National Centre for Cold-chain Development’ sanctioned by the Govt
The Govt sanctioned the setting up of a ‘National Centre for Cold Chain Development’ – NCCD. Govt allocated a one-time grant of Rs 25 Crore for its corpus fund.
The decision was taken in a Cabinet meeting held in New Delhi under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh. The Cabinet gave its ex-post facto approval for registering National Centre for Cold Chain Development, NCCD, as a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
Q: Why this decision was taken ?
Ans: The move comes in the wake of post harvest losses to the tune of 50,000 Crore rupees annually in absence of proper storage facilities.
India is the second largest producer of horticultural commodities in the world after China. However, a significant portion of the produce, particularly perishables like fruits, vegetables, flowers go waste due to post harvest losses. A robust cold chain infrastructure will go a long way in reducing the losses of perishables. India, the world's second largest producer of horticulture products after China , accounts for 71.5 million tones of fruits, 133.7 million tones of vegetables and 17.8 million tones of other commodities like flowers, spices, coconut, cashew, mushroom, honey among others. A significant portion of the produce like fruits, vegetables, flowers go waste due to post harvest losses in absence of proper cold storage facilities. A Parliamentary panel has also pointed out that post harvest losses of fruits and vegetables are as high as 35%, valuing more than Rs 50,000 Crore annually. Earlier the government had constituted a Task Force in 2008 on cold chain development to assess the situation. The Task Force had recommended formation of a dedicated institution for promoting cold chain development. Thus, a robust cold chain infrastructure will go a long way in reducing the losses of perishables.
- Provide an enabling environment for cold chain sector and facilitate private investment for cold chain infrastructure
- Narrow down the gap in the supply and value chain from farm to fork involving pre-harvest on farm storage, specialized transport and scientific storage
- Address the issues like standards and protocols related to cold chain testing, verification, certification and accreditation as per international standards
- Reduce the gap in skilled human resources required for cold chain sector.
What will be the Composition of NCCD ?
Ans: The NCCD will be have a Governing Council under the Chairmanship of Secretary with 22 members, covering government officials, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and other stake holders.