Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana was launched by Atal Bihari Vajpayee Government in December 2000 as a massive programme to provide all weather rural road connectivity to every rural habitation with a minimum population of 500 in the plains and 250-plus in hill states, tribal districts and desert areas. This programme has so far covered 1,78,184 habitations as per the criteria laid down. Out of them, 64% of these habitations have road today. Since its inception, the programme has provided connectivity of over 4.66 Lakh kilometers including upgradation 1.67 Lakh kilometers of existing roads.
This scheme is one of the most successful initiatives in rural India. By March 2019 all States and UTs are expected to complete PMGSY-I by connecting all eligible habitations with 500 and 250 population as per 2001 Census. Some States have not only completed connectively for eligible habitations but have also completed Phase-II of PMGSY which took up 25 percent of District Rural Roads for up gradation. It is now proposed that States completing Phase-I and Phase-II successfully could be taken up in the proposed PMGSY-III for connecting upgrading all 250 plus habitations as per 2011 Census. The target of PMGSY-III could be to construct/upgrade 120000 kms. of roads to benefit about 40000 habitations. The total projected expenditure would be about Rs. 68600 crores, out of which the share of Government of India would be about Rs. 41760 crores. It is proposed to complete PMGSY-III within 5 years of its initiation. To qualify for Phase-III States will have to generate District Rural Road Plan DRRP on GIS platform notify State Rural Roads Maintenance Policy create Rural Roads Maintenance Fund and encourage community based Panchayati Raj Institutions PRIs based rural road maintenance as well as Performance Based Rural Road Maintenance practices. They will also have to set up a robust rectification system for complaints under Meri Sadak app. PMGST-III would emphasize sustainable and climate resilient road construction technologies simplified maintenance regimes community participation in maintenance and road safety as well as use of IT and space technology to ensure effective planning, execution and management.