Consider the following statements:

  1. The PAs are constituted and governed under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
  2. Protected areas can be declared by both central as well as state governments

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
As per IUCN there are following kinds of protected areas:

  • National Parks
  • Wildlife sanctuaries
  • Biosphere reserves
  • Reserved and protected forests
  • Conservation reserves and community reserves
  • Private protected areas
  • Conservation areas

Protected areas can be declared by central as well as state governments.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module