Consider the following statements about the Kigali Amendment:

  1. It has been adopted to amend the Montreal Protocol
  2. The amendment aims to eliminate planet-warming gases in Hydroflorocarbon family
  3. The Kigali Amendment will be binding on countries from 2019

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All given statements are correct
The Kigali agreement is to amend the Montreal Protocol and substantially limit the emission of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Under Kigali Amendment, in all 197 countries, including India have agreed to a timeline to reduce the use of HFCs by roughly 85% of their baselines by 2045. The Kigali Agreement or amended Montreal Protocol for HFCs reduction will be binding on countries from 2019. It also has provisions for penalties for non-compliance. Under it, developed countries will also provide enhanced funding support estimated at billions of dollars globally. The exact amount of additional funding from developed countries will be agreed at the next Meeting of the Parties in Montreal in 2017.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module