Consider the following pairs:

  1. Karewas soil→ Jammu & Kashmir
  2. Duars→ Uttarakhand 
  3. Chos→ Punjab

 Which of the above is/are correct?

Answer: [C] 1, 2 & 3

Soils which are formed in areas where mountains end and plains starts are called ‘Duars’ (In Uttarakhand). Large numbers of seasonal hill torrents which leave the Siwalik Range and enter the level plain are swollen with water soon after heavy showers in the neighbouring hills and carry with them a heavy load of coarse sand and silt. They are called ‘Chos’ in the plain where their beds are broad, braided, shallow and sandy. They are quite numerous and in some places every kilometre has a ‘Chos’. It is mainly found in Punjab. Karewas valley is an intermountain valley fill, comprising of unconsolidated gravel and mud found in Jammu & Kashmir.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module