Consider the following statements about “Aurora Borealis”:

  1. Aurora Borealis is a temporary phenomena on the photosphere of the Sun 
  2. The chances of viewing aurora is higher at equator than at poles

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because Aurora is an incredible light show caused by collisions between electrically charged particles released from Sun that enter the earth’s atmosphere and collide with earth’s magnetosphere. Auroras that occur in the northern hemisphere are called ‘Aurora Borealis’ or ‘northern lights’ and auroras that occur in the southern hemisphere are called ‘Aurora Australis’ or ‘southern lights’. Second statement is incorrect because the chances of viewing auroras increase as one move from equator towards poles.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module