Which of the following is / are correct statements?

  1. Only Lok Sabha can enable the parliament to make a law on a matter enumerated in the State List
  2. Voting on demands for grants is the exclusive privilege of Lok sabha

Which of the above statements  is/are correct?

Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is  incorrect. Rajya Sabha being a federal chamber enjoys certain special powers under the Constitution.  All the subjects/areas regarding legislation have been divided into three Lists – Union List, State List and concurrent List. Union and State Lists are mutually exclusive – one cannot legislate on a matter placed in the sphere of the other.  However, if Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting saying that it is “necessary or expedient in the national interest” that Parliament should make a law on a matter enumerated in the State List, Parliament becomes empowered to make a law on the subject specified in the resolution, for the whole or any part of the territory of India.  Such a resolution remains in force for a maximum period of one year but this period can be extended by one year at a time by passing a similar resolution further. Rajya Sabha does not have powers in matters of voting for demand for grants and it is the exclusive right of Lok Sabha.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module