Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to Buddhism?
1.Chaityas are Prayer halls for Buddhist monks.
2.Viharas are dwellings or refugee monasteries used by wandering Buddhist monks.
3.Stupas are architectural structure which contain cremated remains of Buddhist saints.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [D] 1, 2 and 3

All above given statements are correct.
Chaitya means Church and Vihara means Monastery.Both early Chaityas and Viharas were made by woods and later stone cut Chaityas and Viharas were made.Chaitya was a rectangular prayer hall with a stupa placed in the centre, the purpose was prayer.The Chaitya was divided into three parts, and had an apsidal ending, that is, a semi-circular rear end.The central part of the hall (also called the nave) was separated from the two aisles by two rows of pillars.The chaityas also had polished interior walls, semi-circular roofs and horse-shoe shaped windows called the Chaitya windows.Viharas were the residences of the monks.Stupas are architectural structures which contain cremated remains of Buddhist saints.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module