Bollgard II, the genetically-modified BT cotton, which is the most widely used variety in India, gave phenomenal rise to cotton production in the country. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Bollgard II?

  1. It is first genetically modified crop developed in India
  2. It reduces the necessity for use of pesticides.
  3. It will increase the available area of land suitable for cotton production

Select the correct option from codes given below:

Answer: [B] Only 2 & 3

First statement is incorrect because Bollgard-II has been developed by Monsanto Company, which is a publically traded American multinational. Bt cotton is the first crop to be approved for commercial cultivation in India but the first crop to be developed in India was Bt Brinjal. Bollgard II was introduced in India in 2002. Since its introduction the cotton yields increased by 67 per cent, and pesticides use decreased by 33 per cent in the country.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module