Consider the following statements about "dirty bomb", a highly discussed topic at the Nuclear Security Summit 2016:

  1. Dirty bomb is a tactical nuclear weapon 
  2. A dirty bomb is often termed as a "Weapon of Mass Destruction"

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because ‘Dirty bomb’ is in no way similar to a nuclear weapon or nuclear bomb. A nuclear bomb creates an explosion that is millions of times more powerful than that of a dirty bomb.
Second statement is incorrect because a dirty bomb is not a "Weapon of Mass Destruction" but a "Weapon of Mass Disruption," because this does not cause many deaths by radiation exposure, but creates mass panic, and hence, it is called Weapon of Mass Disruption," where contamination and anxiety are the terrorists’ major objectives.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module