The Artesunate Combination Therapy has been launched to tackle which of the following diseases?

Answer: [B] Malaria

Antimalarial chemotherapy has been the primary option in the fight against malaria. However, the burden of this disease is still very  heavy partly due to the development of multi-drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains . The malaria community presently considers mono-therapy as an inappropriate approach for malaria treatment. The new antimalarial efforts and strategies are being deployed  to combat the new face of malaria. One of these strategies is the use of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) which have proven to be very effective against malaria in Africa, and some African countries plagued with resistant  forms of P.falciparum have started instituting the ACTs as first line malaria treatment.  Artesunate plus amodiaquine  combination is one ACT recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for use in malaria control programmes and a first line treatment for African children with uncomplicated malaria. It has become a national policy in some African countries  and was launched in some parts of India also. It was launched in areas which show resistance in Plasmodium falciparum to Chloroquine.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module