With reference to ecological succession, which among the following community is also known as a ‘pioneer community’ due to its ability to colonize bare rock?

Answer: [C] Lichens

A pioneer community is a collection of organisms able to colonize bare rock. Lichens help break down rock and accumulate debris, helping to form a thin soil layer. The soil layer begins to support small forms of life.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module