What was / were the causes responsible for disintegration and collapse of Mughal Empire?
1. Apparently, no change in the theory of Kingship
2. Absence of rule of succession
3. Wrongful southern policy of the Mughals
4. Neglect of Navy / Sea power
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [B] Only 2, 3 & 4

Causes responsible for the disintegration and collapse of the Mughal Empire can be summarized as below:

  1. Change in the theory of Kingship. Mughal theory of Kingship in fact kept changing from time to time. While it was theory of autocracy under Babur; it was an idea of divine inspiration under Humayun, concept of divine origin under Akbar; imposition of Hindu conviction of divine monarchy under Shah Jahan and restoration of Islamic thought under Aurangzeb. The last was to a great extent responsible for fall of Mughals.
  2. There was no rule of succession.
  3. Moral fall of the rich and aristocrats
  4. Rulers and their successors were illiterate; they could not sustain the forces of history.
  5. Long warfare with the Southern states; wrongful southern policy of Mughals.
  6. Rise of the Marathas in Deccan.
  7. Issues with Mansabdari System; Jagirdari crisis. Corruption.
  8. Rise of Sayyid Brothers; attack of Nadir Shah
  9. Huge size of Mughal empire; not manageable by traditional means.
  10. Inadequate transport and communication, neglect of Naval power.
  11. Arrival and conquest by British.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module