Consider the following statements:
1. Forests have a direct role in economic development
2. Privatization of forest land is one of the most viable protections against deforestation
3. One of the major reasons of deforestation is cash crop economy of third world
Which among the above is/ are correct statements?

Answer: [C] Only 1 & 3

Only second statement is not correct. To support third statement, please refer to the below snippet from

The cash crop economy is an integral part of Third World “development” and a major cause of deforestation. The best land is taken to earn export income, which is all too often used to service foreign debt. Peasants are forced onto marginal lands, resulting in deforestation, land degradation and poverty. Extensive areas of Brazil and Thailand now provide feed for Europe’s cattle, much of it at the expense of the rainforest. In Malaysia, over 3.5 million ha. Of forest have been cleared for rubber and oil palm plantations.

Worldwide, between 1.2 and 5.5 million ha. Of forest are destroyed annually to grow and cure tobacco.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module