Nandalal Bose is known for :
1. painting Mahatma Gandhi walking with a staff during Civil Disobedience Movement
2. decorating the Congress sessions at Lucknow, Faizpur and Haripura in 1930s
3. beautifying the original manuscript of the Constitution of India
Select the correct statements from the codes given below:

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Nandalal Bose (1882 – 1966) was a disciple of Abanindranath Tagore. He became the principal of Kala Bhavan, Shanti Niketan in 1922. His paintings show the scenes from Indian mythologies, women, and village life. Here are some notable trivia on his contribution to Indian art.

  • As a young artist, he was deeply influenced by the murals of the Ajanta Caves and joined the band of artists who wished to revive classical Indian culture.
  • To mark the 1930 occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s arrest for protesting the British tax on salt, Bose created a black on white linocut print of Gandhi walking with a staff. It became the iconic image for the non-violence movement.
  • Nandalal Bose also originally painted the Indian flag, slightly different from its present form, and it was inspired by the freedom struggle.
  • He became principal of the Kala Bhavan at Tagore’s International University Santiniketan in 1922.
  • He was also asked by Jawaharlal Nehru to sketch the emblems for the Government of India’s awards, including the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Shri.
  • He is also known to have taken up the task of beautifying the original manuscript of the Constitution of India.
  • Most of his paintings have scenes from Indian mythologies, women, and village life. Due to influence of Rabindranath Tagore, he was invited to decorate the Congress sessions at Lucknow, Faizpur and Haripura. In the Faizpur session, the visual impact of his decorations pleased Gandhi very much and he remarked in his opening address” If Gandhi was the redeemer of the village and Rabindranath its poet…no artist of India has revealed the soul of the village people as Nanda babu..”.

Nandalal Bose was awarded a prize of Rs. 500 for his painting ‘Shiva-Sati’ in 1908. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1954. He became the second artist to be elected as Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi, India’s National Academy of Art in the year 1956. He was conferred the title of ‘Deshikottama’ by the Vishvabharati University. He was honoured with the Silver Jubilee Medal by the Academy of Fine Arts in Calcutta. In 1965, he was awarded the Tagore Birth Centenary Medal by the Asiatic Society of Bengal. His works have been kept in the National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi which includes Gandhiji’s Dandi March and the seven posters made for the Indian National Congress for the Haripura Session in 1938. He expired in the year 1996.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module