Consider the following statements with reference to the active and passive immunity against the pathogens:
1. Vaccines provide us passive immunity
2. Passive immunity can be acquired only artificially
Which among the above statements is/ are correct?

Answer: [A] Only 1 is correct

There are two types of immunity against infectious microorganisms: active immunity and passive immunity. Passive immunity is provided by artificial means such as injections of antibodies and vaccines. The agents used for passive immunity include antibodies from humans or animals Passive immunity can occur naturally, when maternal antibodies are transferred to the foetus through the placenta, and can also be induced artificially, when high levels of human (or horse) antibodies specific for a  pathogen or toxin are transferred to non-immune individuals.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module