Which among the following comparisons of the Saturated Fat and Unsaturated Fat is / are correct?
1. Saturated Fat has no double bonds, while Unsaturated Fat has at least one double bond
2. Saturated Fats contain more energy in comparison to the Unsaturated Fats
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:
An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain. A fat molecule is monounsaturated if it contains one double bond, and polyunsaturated if it contains more than one double bond. Where double bonds are formed, hydrogen atoms are eliminated. Thus, a saturated fat has no double bonds, has the maximum number of hydrogens bonded to the carbons, and therefore is “saturated” with hydrogen atoms. In cellular metabolism, unsaturated fat molecules contain somewhat less energy (i.e., fewer calories) than an equivalent amount of saturated fat. The greater the degree of unsaturation in a fatty acid (i.e. the more double bonds in the fatty acid) the more vulnerable it is to lipid peroxidation (rancidity). Antioxidants can protect unsaturated fat from lipid peroxidation.
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module