Which among the following processes play role in formation of sedimentary rocks:
1. Weathering and Erosion
2. Hydrological Processes
3. Compaction and Cementation
4. Lithification
5. Upwelling
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [C] Only 1, 2, 3 & 4

Sedimentary rocks are made from layers, or strata, of mineral particles found in other rocks that have been weathered and from newly formed organic matter. Sedimentary rocks form at Earth’s surface by the hydrologic system. Their origin involves the weathering of pre-existing rock, transportation of the material away from the original site, deposition of the eroded material in the sea or in some other sedimentary environment, followed by compaction and cementation. In the above question, term Upwelling is not related to formation of sedimentary rocks.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module