Consider the following statements:
1. Only a retired judge of Supreme Court or retired chief justice of High Court can become a chairperson of National Green Tribunal
2. The chairperson of the National Green Tribunal is appointed by President
3. The consultation with Chief Justice of India is a prerequisite for appointment of Chairperson of National Green Tribunal
Which among the above statements is / are correct?

Answer: [C] Only 1 & 3 are correct

Chairperson and Members of NGT

NGT was established by a Government Notification using the powers of Section 3 of tile NGT Act 2010. II has a full time chairperson and following members:

» At least 10 and maximum 20 Full time Judicial members

» At least 10 and maximum 20 Full time Expert Members

Qualification for Chairperson:

The person should have been either a Judge of India’s Supreme Court or Chief Justice of a High Court in India.

Qualification for Judicial member

A Judge of Supreme Court of India, Chief Justice of High Court, Judge or a High Court

Qualification for Expert members

Either a degree in Master of Science (in physical sciences or life sciences) with a Doctorate degree or Master of Engineering or Master of Technology Or an experience of fifteen years in the relevant field and administrative experience of fifteen years in Central or a State Government or in a reputed National or State level institution.

Post retirement jobs

Once retired, the chairman or judicial members cannot take up any job related to matters of this tribunal for at least 2 years.

 Other Notes

Appointment of members is done by Central Government.

Chairperson of NGT is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India.

Judicial Members and Expert Members or the Tribunal are appointed on the recommendations of such Selection Committee.

Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Member hold office for 5 years.

Maximum age or the chairman 70 years if he has been a Supreme Court Judge and 67 years, if he has been a high court judge.

Chairperson can be removed from his office via an order made by the Central Government after an inquiry made by a Judge of the Supreme Court in which such Chairperson or Judicial Member has been informed of the charges against him and given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of those charges.


NGT has Original as well as Appellate jurisdiction on over all civil cases where a substantial dispute is related to the matters that are connected to Water Pollution, Forest Conservation, Air Pollution, Environment Protection and Biological Diversity. These disputes may be related to any of the following acts:

  1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
  2. 2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
  3. The Forest (Conservation) Act
  4. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act.1981;
  5. The Environment (Protection) Act. 1986;
  6. The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;
  7. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.


The Tribunal has power to provide

  1. Relief and compensation to the victims of pollution and other environmental damage
  2. Restitution of property damaged:
  3. Restitution of the environment for such area or areas, as the Tribunal may think fit.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module