Arya Samaj:
1. discarded all later than Vedas outgrowths
2. upheld monotheism
3. confined its educational efforts to Sanskrit studies only
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [A] Only 1 & 2

A social reform body, was founded by swami Dyananda  saraswaty in 1875. Under the  influence of western education and science many amongst the educated Indians were tending to become Christian. The arya samaj, like the brahma samaj and the  prarthana samaj, was started to stop this process and  largely succeeded in its efforts. Its motto was “ go back to the Vedas” and it wanted  to reform  society  on the model of the Vedas and discard all later  outgrowths. It upheld monotheism,  condemned polytheism and the use of image. It was opposed to caste restriction and child marriages and it supported sea-voyage, female education  and remarriages of widows. It aimed at uplifting the down-trodden classes or castes amongst the Indians. It claimed that Hinduism  was a proselytizing religion and by what  is known as the suddhi (purification) movement  it converted many non-Hindus to Hinduism  and thus gave a new dynamic force to Hinduism. It has done a great deal of social and educational work, especially in the Punjab.

At first  it confined its educational efforts to sanskritic studies only, but later on one section of it led by Lala Hansraj supported the cultivation of western education as well as founded the dayananda Anglo Vedic college at  Lahore.  The orthodox  section continued  to believe in the necessity of reviving the Vedic ideal  in modern life and founded  the gurukul at haridwar in 1902. It has a still a large following in upper India.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module