With reference to the office of “Secretary of State for India”, consider the following statements:
1. This office was created by merging Board of Control and Board of Trade of East India Company
2. Lord Stanley was first Secretary of State for India
Which among the above statements is / are correct?

Answer: [B] Only 2

First statement is not correct because the powers of the Court of Director and the Board of Control were transferred to the Secretary of State for India, assisted by a council of 15 members. Both of these were thus abolished. The first Secretary of state was Lord Stanley, who prior to 2 August 1858, served as President of the Board of Control. The Secretary of State was now the political head of the India.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module