Consider the following comparisons of the Chaityas and Viharas:
1. Chaityas were for the purpose of living, Viharas were assemblies for the purpose of discussions
2. Chaityas used to be made up of woods , Viharas used to be rock cut caves
3. Chaityas were with Stupas, Viharas did not have stupas
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
Both early Chaityas and Viharas were made by woods and later stonecut Chaityas and Vihards were made. So we eliminate the second statement. Chaitya was a rectangular prayer hall with a stupa placed in the centre, the purpose was prayer. The Chaitya was divided into three parts, and had an apsidal ending. that Is, a semicircular rear end, The central part of the hall (also called the nave) was separated from the two aisles by two rows of pillars, The chaityas also had polished interior walls, semicircular roofs and horse-shoe shaped windows called the Chaitya windows. Viharas were the residences of the monks.
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module