Consider the following differences between Brahmo Samaj and the Arya Samaj:

  1. While the Brahmo Samaj drew its inspiration from the Vedas, Upanishads and other holy scriptures of ancient India, Arya Samaj believes in the Vedas only
  2. While Brahmo Samaj believed in the western culture and philosophy, the Arya Samaj rejected the western culture and accepted the Indian culture only

   Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

    Major ideological differences between the Brahmo Samaj and the Arya Samaj are as follow:

  • While the Brahmo Samaj drew its inspiration from the Vedas, Upanishads and other holy scriptures of ancient India, whereas the Arya Samaj believes in the Vedas only
  • Brahmo Samaj was primarily reformist, Arya Samaj was primarily revivalist. Brahmo Samaj believed in the western culture and philosophy while the Arya Samaj rejected the western culture and accepted the Indian culture only.
  • For the Brahmo Samaj, human reason is supreme whereas the Arya Samaj believes in the infallibility of the Vedas.
  • The Brahmo Samaj had full faith in the goodness of British government, while Arya Samaj had no faith in the integrity of British government.
  • Brahmo Samaj treated Islam and Christianity at par with Hinduism, Arya Samaj claimed the superiority of Hinduism and claimed that it was best way of life.
  • Brahmo Samaj adopted a conciliatory and peaceful approach, while Arya Samaj propagated its views in an aggressive, authoritative and candid way.
  • Brahmo Samaj mainly influenced educated and intellectuals while Arya Samaj was able to touch the minds of educated and uneducated alike.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module