Consider the following differences between Chaityas and Viharas:

  1. While Viharas were for the purpose of living, Chaityas were assemblies for the purpose of discussions
  2. While Chaityas were with Stupas, Viharas did not have Stupas

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Both early Chaityas and Viharas were made by woods and later stone-cut Chaityas and Viharas were made. Chaitya was a rectangular prayer hall with a stupa placed in the centre, the purpose was prayer. 

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module