Consider the following statements:

  1. Nephron is the primary filtering unit of the kidney
  2. Kidneys help in making red blood cells

   Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Healthy kidneys produce a hormone called EPO. EPO prompts the bone marrow to make red blood cells. Nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. Its chief function is to regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances like sodium salts by filtering the blood.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module