General Science & Technology Questions & Answers
What is a Seed Crystal ?
What is Ambergris?
Ambergris is used in manufacturing of the Perfumes. Its a waxy material which is produced in the sperm whale and pygmy sperm whale. It is formed in the rectum of the whale by indigestible parts of from animals on which it feeds. It is released normally when Whale dies.
What is Arachnophobia?
What is the difference between CNG and LNG?
What is a genome map?
The aim of the genome projects is to determine the complete genome sequence of an organism.
In human there are 46 chromosomes, in 23 pairs. Out of them 22 pairs are called autosomes, while the 23rd pair is of sex chromosomes. To create a human genome map, a sequence of the genes on all the 46 chromosomes would be required. In bacteria, there is one Chromosome, (called genophore) so sequence of the genes on one Chromosome would create the genome map.
The process is complicated because it not only involves identifying elements on the genome (gene prediction) but also attaching biological information to these elements (gene annotation).