On July 31, 1937, Gandhi had published an article in the Harijan. Based upon this article, an all India National Education Conference was held on October 22 and 23, 1937, which was called the Wardha Educational Conference. The following resolutions were taken at the Wardha Educational Conference
- Free and compulsory education to be provided for 7 years at a nationwide scale.
- Mother tongue should be the medium of instruction.
- Through out this period of 7 years, the education should be around some forms of manual and productive work and for this purpose a handicraft must be chosen, based upon the environment of the child.
- This system would generate the remuneration of the teachers.
Following this conference, a committee under Dr. Zakir Hussain was appointed to formulate the scheme of the basic education. The aim of the basic education was to develop the qualities of the ideal citizenship and more aspect should be give to the Indian culture than the literacy.