Development of Indian Constitution During British Era
The Indian Independence Act was based upon the Mountbatten plan of 3rd June 1947 and was passed by the British parliament on July 5, 1947. It received royal assent on July 18, 1947. Salient features: It provided for two dominion states : India and Pakistan The boundaries between the two dominion states were to be
The changes introduced by the Government of India act 1919 were too short of a self government in our country. There was only partial transfer of powers through a system of dyarchy. The act was inadequate to satisfy the National aspirations. The division of subjects in Reserved and transferred was illogical and not acceptable. In
Government of India act is known as a consequence of Montague Chelmsford Reforms. On 17 July 1917 Edwin Samuel Montagu was made secretary of state for Government of India. Lord Chelmsford became Viceroy of India on 4 April 1916. This was the era of World War I and our country witnessed a rapid growth of
Lord Minto served as Viceroy of India since from 1905 to 1910. He succeeded Lord Curzon in 1905. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman who is first man to be given official use of the title 'Prime Minister' became Prime Minister in 1905. When he formed his cabinet he appointed John Morley as Secretary of State for India.
Lord Curzon was the viceroy of India in 1903. He wanted a sixth member in his council for Commerce and Industry. This demand was fulfilled by the Indian Councils Act 1904, in which the crown was empowered to appoint 6th member in the Executive Council of the Governor General. This provision was implemented and the