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Reign of Harsha General Knowledge Questions

1.

Who among the following wrote ‘Nagananda’?
[A]Banabhatta
[B]Simhanada
[C]Pulakesin II
[D]Harshavardhana

Harshavardhana
The emperor of Vardhana dynasty, Harshavardhana wrote a play ‘Nagananda’. It describes the story of the Jimutavahana’s self-sacrifice to save the Nagas. It has an enlightening Buddhist legend for its subject and is one of the best works of the Indian Drama.

2.

During reign of Harsha, the Kannauj assembly was held to publicise the doctrines of which of the following sects?
[A]Mahayana
[B]Hinayana
[C]Theravada
[D]Svetambara

Mahayana
The Kannauj assembly (643 AD) was held in the honour of Hieun Tsang (Chinese pilgrim) and to popularise Mahayana sect of Buddhism.Harshavardhana was a Mahayana Buddhist. He organised Kannauj assembly (643 AD) to popularise Mahayana sect of Buddhism. Though, he was a tolerant ruler and supported all Indic faiths viz. Buddhism, Vedism and Jainism. The scholars regarded him as the last great Hindu emperor of India, who ruled over Northern India.

3.

Which of the following Chinese emperors was contemporary of Harshavardhana?
[A]Taizong
[B]Wu Zetian
[C]Ruizong
[D]Xuanzong

Taizong
In 641 AD Harshavardhan sent an envoy to Taizong (Tai-Tsung), the Tang emperor of China and in return, the Chinese ruler sent three embassies to Harsha court.

4.

The Chalukya king, Pulakesin II defeated Harshavardhan on the banks of which river?
[A]Narmada
[B]Kaveri
[C]Niranjana
[D]Rijupalika

Narmada
Chalukya king Pulakesin II had defeated Harshavardhan on the banks of River Narmada in 618 AD. Pulakeshin, who ruled from the Chalukyan capital
of Badami, challenged Harsha’s conquests. The former had established himself as ‘lord paramount’ of the south, as Harsha had of the north. Unwilling to tolerate the existence of a powerful rival in the south, Harsha had marched from Kanauj with a huge force. Such was Pulakeshin’s efficiency in guarding the passes of the Narmada that Harsha was compelled to accept the river as the demarcation and retire from the field of battle after losing a major part of his elephant force.

5.

Who defeated Harsha Vardhana on the banks of river Narmada in 630 A.D.?
[A]Pulakesin II
[B]Mahendravarman I
[C]Pulakesin I
[D]Kirtivarman I

Pulakesin II
As per the Aihole inscription, Harsha Vardhana was defeated by Pulakesin-II, the great Chalukya king, on the banks of river Narmada in 630 A.D.

6.

Which of the following Chinese traveller came to India during the reign of Harshavardhana?
[A]Hiuen-Tsang
[B]Fa Hein
[C]Nicolo Conti
[D]Both A & B

Hiuen-Tsang
Hieun Tsang, the Chinese pilgrim, visited India during the reign of Harshavardhana with an aim of securing authentic Buddhist scripts. The Kannauj assembly (643 AD) was held in the honour of Hieun Tsang and to popularise Mahayana sect of Buddhism. He stayed in India for about fifteen years and recorded his experience in his book ,’ Si-Yu-Ki’. The book throws lights on the religion, customs, traditions, etc. of the country.

7.

Which among the following play is/are written by Harshavardhan ?
[A]Nagananda
[B]Ratnavali
[C]Priyadarshika
[D]All of these

All of these
Harsha wrote three sanskrit plays- Nagananda, Ratnavali and Priyadarshika.

8.

What was the other name of Harshavardhana?
[A]Siladitya
[B]Harshaditya
[C]Bhaskarvarman
[D]Vishnuvardhan

Siladitya
Harshavardhan (606-647 AD) was also known as Siladitya. His kingdom extends from Punjab, West Bengal, Orissa and from Himalayas to the entire Indo-Gangetic plain north of the Narmada river. He gave equal respect to all religions and became the follower of Buddhism in his later life.

9.

Who wrote Kadambari?
[A]Chankya
[B]Banabhatta
[C]Charak
[D]Radhagupt

Banabhatta
Kadambri is a romantic novel in Sanskrit, written by Banabhatta who was the court poet and close companion of Harshavardhana.

10.

Who assassinated Grahavarmana, the brother in law of Harshavardhan ?
[A]Shashanka of Gauda
[B]Kirtivarman
[C]Chandragupta
[D]Narsimhavarman

Shashanka of Gauda
Shashanka of Gauda assassinated Grahavarmana and imprisoned his wife Rajyasri ( who was sister of Harshavardhana).

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