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Medieval Indian History General Knowledge Questions

Medieval Indian History Objective Type Multiple Choice Questions for Preparation of SSC-CGL, UPSC Civil Services, NDA, CDS, Railways and State Level Public Services Examinations of 2016 and 2017.

1.

Who was the founder leader of ‘Muslim Faqirs’ ?
[A] Majnun Shah
[B] Dadu Mian
[C] Tipu
[D] Chirag Ali Shah

Majnun Shah
Majnu Shah was a faqir (Sufi saint) of the Madariya Sufi order founded by Syed Badiuduin Qutb-ul Shah Madar. His headquarters was at the shrine of Shah Madar in Makanpur near Kanpur. He actively participated in the Fakir-Sannyasi Rebellion, and joined in many battles against the British East India Company with his ‘pious team’. He was the founder leader of ‘Muslim Faqirs’.

2.

The Mansabdari system was borrowed from ?
[A] Afghanistan
[B] Turkey
[C] Mongolia
[D] Persia

Mongolia
Mansabdar implies the generic term for the military-kind grading of all royal functionaries of the Mughal Empire. The Mansabdari system introduced by Akbar was borrowed from the system followed in Mongolia.

3.

Which of the following ladies wrote an historical account during the Mughal period?
[A] Gulbadan Begum
[B] Noorjahan Begum
[C] Jahanara Begum
[D] Zebun-nissah Begum

Gulbadan Begum
Gulbadan Begum (1523-1603) was a Perso-Turkic Princess, the daughter of Emperor Babur. She is most known as the author of Humayun Nama, the account of the life of her brother, Humayun.

4.

Who was the first Indian ruler to organize Haj pilgrimage at the expense of the state?
[A] Alauddin Khilji
[B] Feroz Tughlaq
[C] Akbar
[D] Aurangzeb

Akbar
Akbar was the first Indian ruler to organize Haj pilgrimage at the expense of the state.

5.

Who among the following witnessed the reigns of eight Delhi Sultans ?
[A] Ziauddin Barani
[B] Shams-i-siraj Afif
[C] Minhaj-us-siraj
[D] Amir Khusrau

Amir Khusrau
Amir Khusrau (1253-1325). He is regarded as the “father of qawwali” .He was an Indian musician, scholar and poet. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent.He is said to have witnessed the reigns of eight Delhi Sultans from ‘Ghiyasuddin Balban to Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq’.

6.

The portion of the actual produce fixed as state’s share under the Zabti System of Mughals was ___?
[A] One-half
[B] One-third
[C] One-fourth
[D] One-fifth

One-third
Akbar’s finance minister Todar Mal introduced a land revenue system whereby the aggregate of the rate of collection for 10 years from 1570 to 1580 was taken and one third of them was taken as the basis of assessment. This new system was called as Zabti System or Ain-i-Dahsala.

7.

The most important source of information about the agrarian conditions during Mughals is__?
[A] Ain-i-Akbari
[B] Akbarnama
[C] Muntakhab-ul-Lubab
[D] Tarikh-i-Ferishta

Ain-i-Akbari
Ain-i-Akbari by Abul Fazal is the main source for today’s historians to know about the structure of agrarian relations from the time of Akbar onwards.

8.

Which among the following was the single biggest item of import to the Vijayanagar empire?
[A] Precious stones
[B] Horses
[C] Luxury goods
[D] Raw Silk

Horses
Kings of Vijayanagar, imported Arabian horses on a large scale, in order to improve the breed of cavalry horses in their own districts. Thus, the single biggest item of import to the Vijayanagar empire was Horses.

9.

The highest officer under the Turkish / Khilji Rulers of the Delhi Sultanate was___ ?
[A] Qazi-ul-Mulk
[B] Naib-i-Mulk
[C] Head of the Majlis-i-Khalawat
[D] Wazir

Naib-i-Mulk
The post of Naib-i-Mamlakat, equivalent of the English term ‘regent’ was created by the Turkish slave rulers. It was later called called Naib- i-Mulk or Malik Naib (under Khilji). The Sultan dominated the central government as he was the legal head of the state and acted as the chief executive and the highest court of appeal. The Sultan was assisted by number of ministers. In them Naib-i-Mulk or malik naib held highest stature in the central government of the Sultanate.

10.

During the Delhi Sultanate, who among the following were called the Barids?
[A] Craftsmen
[B] Bodyguards of the Sultan
[C] Officer-in-charge of state exchequer
[D] The spy / news reporters

The spy / news reporters
Barid-i-mumalik was the head of the information and intelligence department. Only a nobleman who enjoyed the fullest confidence of Sultan was appointed the chief barid. The Barid-i-Mumalik had to keep information of all that was happening in the Sultanate. At local level there were barids who used to send regular news concerning the matters of the state to the central office. Apart from barids, another set of reporters also existed who were known as Munihiyan.

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