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Indian Polity General Knowledge Questions

41.

With reference to the State Legislative Council in India, which among the following statements is / are correct?
1. The Legislative Council is a continuing House & two-third of the members retire in two years.
2. Members of local bodies elect one-third of the total number of members of the legislative council
3. If a state legislative council is to be created or abolished , a resolution to that effect is to be first passed by the State legislature by a two-third majority
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:
[A]Only 1 & 2
[B]Only 2 & 3
[C]Only 1 & 3
[D]1, 2 & 3

Only 2 & 3
The first statement is factually incorrect. Legislative Council is a continuing House and one-third of the members retire in two years.

42.

With reference to the executive power in a state in India, which among the following statements is / are correct?
1. Executive power of the state is vested in Governor
2. Real executive authority in a state is Council of Ministers
3. All executive decisions in a state are taken in the name of Chief Minister
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:
[A]Only 1 & 2
[B]Only 2 & 3
[C]Only 3
[D]1, 2 & 3

Only 1 & 2
Third statement is not correct because executive decisions in a state are taken in the name of Governor.

43.

A member of a State Public Service Commission can be appointed and removed respectively by __:
[A]Governor, Governor
[B]Governor, President
[C]President, Governor
[D]President, President

Governor, President
Governor can appoint and President can remove (On the report of Supreme Court)

44.

Who among the following can dismiss Governor of a state from his office?
[A]State Legislative Assembly
[B]Parliament
[C]President
[D]None of them

President
The Governor of a state in India is the agent of the President and holds office during the pleasure of the president.

45.

With reference to the procedure of the Mercy petitions in India, consider the following statements:
1. A mercy petition can be filed only by Indian Citizens
2. There is no time limit for the president to respond on the mercy petition
3. The mercy petition is subject to Judicial Review
4. In India, the only authority to decide on mercy petitions is the President
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
[A]Only 1 & 2 are correct
[B]Only 1, 2 & 3 are correct
[C]Only 2 & 3 are correct
[D]1, 2, 3 & 4 are correct

Only 2 & 3 are correct
Basics of Mercy Petition Who can file? oAnybody, including foreign nationals, can send a mercy petition with regard to such a person to the President. President is not the only authority and mercy pleas can also be sent to the Governors, can not pardon a death sentence but can suspend, remit or commute a sentence of death. Time Frame: oThere is no maximum time-limit within which a mercy petition has to be decided. Is president bound to act in accordance of advice of Council of Ministers? oYes. MHA recommends the President as what to be done with a mercy petition. Under the settled law, including judgments of the Supreme Court, the President is bound by the advice of the Union council of ministers while deciding mercy petitions. What is Role of Ministry of Home Affairs? oThe recommendation of the MHA can be accepted as the view of the entire council of ministers on the subject because under the Transaction of Business Rules of the Government of India, the MHA is the Ministry charged with making recommendations with regard to mercy petitions by those on death row. In one case, then Former President Kalam had returned the file of a convict, saying he didn’t agree with the recommendation of the MHA with regard to that particular case. He was of the view that the convict deserved to get his death sentence commuted to life without parole. However, the MHA refused to abide by his view. Is Mercy petition subject to Judicial Review? oYes.

46.

In context with the Election of Speaker in a newly constituted Lok Sabha, consider the following statements:
1. A member of Lok Sabha can propose his / her own name if he / she desires to contest the election
2. The date for election of the speaker is fixed by President
3. Until a new speaker is elected, Lok Sabha is presided by Secretary-General of Lok Sabha
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
[A]Only 1 is correct
[B]Only 2 & 3 are correct
[C]Only 1 & 2 are correct
[D]Only 2 is correct

Only 2 is correct
Election of the Speaker of Lok Sabha oElection of Speaker shall be held on such date as the President may fix, and the Secretary-General shall send to every member notice of this date. oAt any time before noon on the day preceding the date so fixed, any member may give notice in writing, addressed to the Secretary- General, of a motion that another member be chosen as the Speaker of the House, and the notice shall be seconded by a third member and shall be accompanied by a statement by the member whose name is proposed in the notice that he is willing to serve as Speaker, if elected: oProvided that a member shall not propose his own name, or second a motion proposing his own name, or propose or second more than one motion. oA member in whose name a motion stands on the list of business shall, unless he states that he does not wish to move the motion, move the motion when called upon to do so. In either case he shall confine himself to a mere statement to the effect that he moves the motion or that he does not intend to move the motion. oThe motions which have been moved and duly seconded shall be put one by one in the order in which they have been moved, and decided, if necessary, by division. If any motion is carried, the person presiding shall, without putting later motions, declare that the member proposed in the motion which has been carried, has been chosen as the Speaker of the House.

47.

In Lok Sabha of India, the “Leader of the House” is nominated by ___:
[A]President
[B]Lok Sabha Speaker
[C]Prime Minister
[D]Deputy Speaker

Prime Minister
Leader of the House “Leader of the House” means the Prime Minister, if he is a member of the House, or a Minister who is a member of the House and is nominated by the Prime Minister to function as the Leader of the House.

48.

A National emergency on the grounds of security threat is proclaimed under which among the following articles?
[A]Article 344
[B]Article 352
[C]Article 367
[D]Article 301

Article 352
Article 352 of the Indian Constitution 1949 deals with the National emergency that can be proclaimed on the grounds of security threat or the situation crisis in India. In the history of independent India, there were three periods during which a state of emergency was deemed to have existed. It has been proclaimed three times so far-1962, 1971 and 1975. Financial emergency (article 360) has not been declared so far.

49.

Which among the following committee was appointed by the government of India in 1986 to revitalize panchayati raj institutions for democracy and development ?
[A]L.M.Singhvi Committee
[B]G.V.K. Rao Committee
[C]Ashok Mehta Committee
[D]The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

L.M.Singhvi Committee
L.M.Singhvi Committee was formed by the government to study the Panchayatiraj. The Gram Sabha was considered as the base of a decentralized democracy, and PRIs viewed as institutions of self-governance which would actually facilitate the participation of the people in the process of planning and development. Its salient recommendations are as follows: Local self-government should be constitutionally recognized, protected and preserved by the inclusion of new chapter in the Constitution non-involvement of political parties in Panchayat elections.

50.

Which among the following is not true about the Notified Area Committee ?
[A]It is an area which does not necessarily fulfill all the conditions for the constitution of the municipality
[B]It is created in an area which is fast developing and where new industries are set up
[C]All the members are appointed by the state government
[D]Notified Area Committee is constituted by an act of legislatures

Notified Area Committee is constituted by an act of legislatures
Notified Area Committee is not constituted by an act of legislatures. It is an area which does not necessarily fulfill all the conditions for the constitution of the municipality. The chairman and all the other members of the committee are appointed by the state government.NAC can be constituted by a notification and no need for an statute

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