What are the differences between a tort and a crime?
A tort is widely different from a crime. The differences between the two are as follows:-
- A tort is an infringement or privation of the private or civil rights belonging to individuals considered as individuals; whereas a crime is a breach of public rights and duties which affect the whole community considered as a community.
- In tort, the wrongdoer has to compensate the injured party; whereas, in crime, he is punished by the State in the interests of society.
- In tort, the action is brought by the injured party; whereas, in crime, the proceedings are conducted in the name of the State and the guilty person is punished by the State.
- The award of compensation in a criminal prosecution is ancillary to the primary purpose of punishing the offender but in a tort action generally it is the main purpose.