What do you mean by Law in Force?

The term ‘law’ in Article 13 has been given a wide connotation so as to include any ordinance, order, bye-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usage having in the territory of India the force of law. The definition is enumerative rather than substantive, i.e., it mentions some of the normal forms in which the law finds its expression.

What is meant by ‘law in force’?

Law in force’ includes prior laws passed or made by the legislature or other competent authority in the territory of India before the commencement of the Constitution and not previously repealed, notwithstanding that any such law or any part thereof may not be then in operation either at all or in particular areas.

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