Crop production in India - General Knowledge Today

Crop production in India

In 1951-52 India's total food grain production was 51 million tonnes. In 2007-08 total food grain production was 230.8 million tons.

  • Since independence India's food grain production has increased by 4.5 times.
  • National target for food grains production was fixed at 239.10 million tonnes for the year 2009-10.

However, as per the fourth advance estimates of crop productions released in July 2010, total food grain production in 2009-10 is likely to be 218.2 million ton. The following table summarizes the data.

crop

2008-09

final estimates

2009-10

3rd advance estimates

2009-10

4th advance estimates

Rice 

99.18  

89.31  

89.13  

wheat 

80.68  

80.98  

80.71  

 Coarse Cereals

40.03  

33.13  

33.77  

 Total Cereals

219.90  

203.42  

203.61  

 Pulses  

14.57  

14.77  

14.59  

 Total food Grains 

234.47  

218.19  

218.20  

 Oil Seeds 

27.72 

25.41 

24.93 

Cotton*

22.28 

22.83 

23.94 

jute **

9.63 

10.49 

10.70 

mesta **

0.73 

0.62 

0.59

jute & mesta **

10.37 

11.10 

11.29 

sugarcane (cane) 

285.03 

274.66 

277.75 

(Million Tonnes)

* Million bales of 170 kgs. each

** Million bales of 180 kgs. each

     

The following table compares the production of food grains, Oil seeds, Sugarcane, Jute & Potato in 1951-52 and 2008-09.

crop

1951-52

2008-09

   

Rice 

21

99

 

4.71

wheat 

6

78

 

13

 Total food Grains 

51

230

 

4.5

 Oil Seeds 

6

28

 

5.6

Cotton*

3

23

 

7.7

Potato

3

28

 

9.3

jute & mesta **

3

10

 

3.7

sugarcane (cane) 

57

289

 

5.1

(Million Tonnes)

* Million bales of 170 kgs. each

** Million bales of 180 kgs. each

       
Last Updated: November 22, 2013

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Comments

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