Whether Article 21 of the Indian constitution is positive or negative?

Article 21 of the Indian constitution in its grammatical form, appears to be negative, but, in reality, it has been given a positive effect by judicial interpretation. The right is a fundamental right, enforceable against the state judicial; decisions have imposed, on the state, several positive obligations. For example a person who cannot pay for medical expenses must be given free medical treatment and that too, without delay. A person should not be hand-cuffed (after arrest on a criminal charge) save in certain exceptional situations.

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