Tennis is played on a rectangular flat surface which can be clay courts, hard courts, grass courts or carpet courts. The Length and width of the court are 78 feet & 39 feet. The width for singles matches is kept 27 Feet while for doubles matches are kept 36 feet. Service line is 21 feet from the net. A net is stretched across the full width of the court, parallel with the baselines, dividing it into two equal ends. The net is 3 feet 6 inches high at the posts, and 3 feet high in the centre.
Grand Slams with respective Courts
The Four Grand Slams use the courts as follows:
- French Open: Clay Court
- Wimbledon: Nineteen courts used for Wimbledon are composed purely of ryegrass.
- Australian Open: Australian Open is played on a synthetic hard court
- US Open: US Open is a hard court tennis tournament
Pluses and Minuses:
Clay courts slow down the ball and produce a high bounce when compared to grass courts or hard courts. Clay courts are cheaper to construct than other types of tennis courts, but the maintenance costs of a clay surface are higher than those of hard courts. Clay courts need to be rolled to preserve flatness.
Grass grown on very hard-packed soil. The bounces of the balls depend on how healthy the grass is, how recently it has been mown. The courts are Slow, sometimes slowest. So in Grass Courts, Volleying is rare and disadvantageous and baseliners are always at advantage.
The US Open is played on an acrylic hard court, while the Australian Open is played on a synthetic hard court. Here the hard-hitting players have advantage. DecoTurf is a tennis hardcourt comprising layers of acrylic, rubber, silica, and other materials on top of an asphalt or concrete base. It is manufactured by Decosystems.
Carpet courts are short form of artificial turf weighted with sand is common in Asia